Why Does B.C. Government So Desperately Want Grizzly Bears Dead? by Chris Genovali

Mother & Cub on cliff edge
http://www.huffingtonpost.ca/chris-genovali/bc-grizzly-bear-hunt_b_5155807.html?utm_hp_ref=tw
We want these bears dead. This is the message the B.C. government’s “reallocation policy” sends to Raincoast Conservation Foundation, British Columbians, and Canadians across the country. This policy is also preventing the implementation of an innovative solution to end the commercial trophy hunting of grizzlies and other large carnivores throughout B.C.’s Great Bear Rainforest.

With the mismanaged, and some would say depraved, B.C. grizzly bear hunt having commenced this month, the ongoing controversy surrounding the recreational killing of these iconic animals is spiking once again.

In 2001, a hard-won, Raincoast-led moratorium on grizzly hunting in B.C. was overturned by Gordon Campbell’s newly elected Liberal government with no justification other than serving as an obvious sop to the trophy hunting lobby. So, what was supposed to be a three-year, province-wide ban was revoked after one spring hunting season. Raincoast, recognizing the then new premier’s mulish intractability on this issue, decided to take a different approach.

In 2005, Raincoast raised $1.3 million to purchase the commercial trophy hunting rights across 24,700 square kilometers of the Great Bear Rainforest. In 2012, Raincoast purchased an additional 3,500 square kilometers, including nearly all the habitat of the spirit bear. (Despite a restriction on killing spirit bears, trophy hunting of black bears that carry the recessive gene that causes the white coat is allowed).

The sellers of these hunting tenures received a fair price, bears and wolves were safeguarded, and ecotourism prospered, including within coastal First Nations communities.

The province has countered by instituting a so-called reallocation policy (a.k.a., “the Raincoast policy”), whereby unused (i.e., not killed) grizzly bear “quota” would be stripped from Raincoast’s commercial tenures and allocated to resident hunters (i.e., B.C. residents who do not require a licenced hunting guide by law).

Bereft of any legitimate argument to justify the recreational killing of grizzlies, provincial wildlife managers stand naked in front of an increasingly disgusted and disapproving public, their blatant cronyism on behalf of the trophy hunting lobby exposed for all to see.

The ecological argument is clear; killing bears for “management” purposes is unnecessary and scientifically unsound. Although ongoing attempts are made to dress up the province’s motivations in the trappings of their proverbial “sound science“, they are clearly driven by an anachronistic ideology that is disconcertingly fixated on killing as a legitimate and necessary tool of wildlife management.

Dr. Paul Paquet, senior scientist at Raincoast and co-author of a recently published peer-reviewed paper on B.C. bear management, states, “We analyzed only some of the uncertainty associated with grizzly management and found it was likely contributing to widespread overkills. I’m not sure how the government defines sound science, but an approach that carelessly leads to widespread overkills is less than scientifically credible.”

The ethical argument is clear; gratuitous killing for recreation and amusement is unacceptable and immoral. Polling shows that nine out of 10 British Columbians agree, from rural residents (including many hunters) to city dwellers. In their 2009 publication, “The Ethics of Hunting”, Drs. Michael Nelson and Kelly Millenbah state that if wildlife managers began “to take philosophy and ethics more seriously, both as a realm of expertise that can be acquired and as a critical dimension of wildlife conservation, many elements of wildlife conservation and management would look different.”

The economic argument is clear; recent research by Stanford University and the Center for Responsible Travel (CREST) identifies that bear viewing supports 10 times more employment, tourist spending, and government revenue than trophy hunting within the Great Bear Rainforest.

Notably, the Stanford-CREST study suggests the revenue generated by fees and licences affiliated with the trophy killing of grizzlies fails to cover the cost of the province’s management of the hunt. As a result, B.C. taxpayers, most of whom oppose the hunt according to poll after poll, are in essence being forced to subsidize the trophy killing of grizzlies.

What remains unclear is why the B.C. government so desperately wants these bears dead.

Raincoast stands ready to raise the funds to acquire the remaining commercial hunting tenures in the Great Bear Rainforest, a mutually beneficial solution that the guide outfitters have indicated they will not oppose. Although the province, at their own political peril, has failed to recognize it, Coastal First Nations have banned trophy hunting under their own laws throughout their unceded territories, and the public is overwhelmingly in support.

Buying out the remaining hunting tenures in the Great Bear Rainforest, coupled with the administrative closure of resident hunting in the region, would create the largest grizzly bear reserve in the world and a model for sustainable economic activity.

A version of this article previously ran in the Vancouver Sun.

Letter from Bears Matter to Assistant Deputy, Mr. Tom Ethier of FLNR re: Grizzly Bear Trophy Kill

From: Barb Murray Sent: April-16-14 9:35 AM
To: FLNR.ExecutiveDivisionOffice@gov.bc.ca
Subject: Posting my Reply on Bearsmatter.com to FLNR Form Letter re: Trophy Killing of Grizzlies in BC

Hello Mr. Ethier,

As you know I have been a bear conservationist, advocate and enthusiast for many years, first starting out working with and advocating for black bears on the North Shore in 2001 and then advocating for black bear rehabilitation on  the Lower Mainland and then for Grizzly Bear rehabilitation in the North. I am happy to say we have made much progress in those areas since I began volunteering to help bears.

I have learned much about bears over the years and but the more I have learned, the more abhorrent the killing for ‘the thrill’ of grizzly bears is to me.  It must end soon!   

There is no ethical, economic or scientific rationale  to kill our top predator species for ‘recreation,  pleasure, or for a trophy’.   We know that grizzlies will not overpopulate especially taking into account all the negative environmental factors and the ever increasing human development. There is only one way for the population of grizzlies to go in this province if the trophy hunt and negative attitude by wildlife authorities in this province persists.  The very least that we can do for the grizzlies is ‘view them from a safe distance’ and leave them alone in the last remaining wilderness spaces in the provinces.  Of course the biggest challenge of all to protect the grizzlies is to also protect their habitat properly, now and into the future.  That should be the priority mandate of your office on this file, not the ‘lotto grizzly game played twice a year’ by your ministry.

Many things in life have a greater value than an economic one and I feel sorry for anyone who has to continually ignore public opinion, science, ethics and their own conscience to do their job.  I feel our society is heading down a very destructive path and it is our wildlife that is first being sacrificed and then we will be next?  If mankind does not wake up and start governing  and stewarding with some intelligence and foresight what will this planet look like for the next generation and the generation after that?  

Sincerely,

Barb Murray                                                                                                                       Nanoose Bay, BC

Letter from Tom Ethier, Assistant Deputy Minister to Ministry which Administers the Trophy Killing of Grizzlies in BC

From: Executive Division Office, FLNR:EX [mailto:FLNR.ExecutiveDivisionOffice@gov.bc.ca]
Sent: April-15-14 12:50 PM
To: undisclosed-recipients:
Subject: RE: Grizzly Bear Hunt in British Columbia

NOTE:Bears Matter’s remarks are in Burgandy

Your letter regarding Grizzly Bear hunting (killing is a more appropriate term. hunting implies that you are hunting for food for your table..killing implies you are taking a life of a living being) in British Columbia has been referred to me for a response.

Grizzly Bear management in British Columbia incorporates a variety of objectives that reflect the interests of British Columbians, including ecological roles, conservation goals, recovery efforts in areas where Grizzly Bear populations are threatened, First Nations rights for food, social and ceremonial purposes, tourism and hunting (and trophy killing for pleasure).  Hunting (and trophy killing) opportunities are only provided where such activities are biologically sustainable.  Under no circumstances does the British Columbia government allow hunting (and trophy killing)that threatens the conservation of any species. (Raincoast Conservation Foundation’s recent peer-reviewed study says otherwise :  http://www.nature.com/news/canadian-grizzly-bears-face-expanded-hunt-1.14914over killing grizzlies in the trophy kill twice a year has been going on for years and years )

The principles behind provincial Grizzly Bear harvest management ( to bring in licenses and fee revenues to government) are a population estimate and a policy choice regarding sustainable human-caused mortality rates based on published studies (selective studies that were not written for authorities to determine the ‘surplus harvest levels of grizzlies’ and have a large margin of error..very selective, not inclusive of all good population studies, road densitites, terrain etc..)  Because inherent uncertainty in these estimates are recognized, the total (i.e. known and estimated unknown) human-caused mortality rate is limited to between 4 and 6 percent, which recent scientific studies indicate to be below maximum sustainable mortality levels.  Other important sources of information, such as harvest sex/age structure and the spatial distribution of the harvest are included to ensure levels are sustainable (best guess on demographics of any population, no real research in the field going on with grizzlies or black bears because gov’t cutbacks and the assumption everything is fine with ‘surpluses of grizzlies’ hunting regions-never Ass- U- Me!)  Hunters have harvested (killed) an average of 272 bears annually over the past 5 years.(some years at high as 450-with the lottery system it is a crap shoot) This equates to an average of just ( “if it is so small a number then banning the recreational activity should not be a big deal?”) under 2 percent annually of the total estimated provincial Grizzly Bear population of 15,000.(no one knows how many grizzlies are in BC! Estimates range from 8,000 to 15,000 with best available ,or lack there of, of science/evidence)  Grizzly Bear population units classified as threatened are not hunted and the province’s objective for these units is population recovery.(these closed regions are along ‘open’ regions and unfortunately grizzlies don’t read road signs or know where the boundaries are to the trophy kill zones and the non trophy kill zones and poachers don’t obey the rules either or other nature or man-made threats etc…..err on the side of conservation should be the government’s guiding principle)

In the spring of 2009, the Government of British Columbia announced the establishment of three Grizzly Bear “no hunting” areas for the North Coast and Central Coast land-use planning areas.  This translates to 470,000 hectares on the North and Central Coast where licenced harvest of Grizzly Bears is prohibited, in addition to approximately 2.48 million hectares where the licenced harvest of Grizzly Bears was already prohibited.  This means that the licenced harvest of Grizzly Bears is prohibited on approximately 58 percent of the Central and North Coast areas.  ( this is a very good thing but as long as the trophy killing of grizzlies continues to be made legal by our government if and when these areas ever recover to approximately 200 individual grizzlies then I believe the trophy killing will start again.  Also the government in it’s wisdom just reopened a region against scientist’s better judgement in the S. Caribou bordering on one of these ‘no hunting areas’.  The recovery area was looking for surplus grizzlies to help repopulate the region but I guess that is less of a hope now? Maybe some grizzlies from the recoverying areas will wander across the boundary and be shot either this Spring or Fall? or maybe a ‘trophy killing’ will mis read his newspaper printed out maps of area and mistakenly kill a recoverying region bear?) Government announced the closing of specific areas to the hunting of Black Bears in the same region where there is a high frequency of the gene mutation that causes white coat colouration (the Kermode Bear).  Licenced Black Bear harvest is now prohibited in these areas and has been prohibited since the spring of 2009.  As well, the prohibition on licenced harvest of the white (Kermode) phase of the Black Bear has been expanded to ensure the prohibition applies to the white phase of Black Bears province-wide, not just on the coast.( thank you, that is very wise and I hope the region will not be over run with bears given what is written on your website about needing to ‘manage bear populations’ thru hunting.)

Wildlife viewing and tourism are recognized as important economic and social components of British Columbia’s resource-based industries.  It should also be noted; however, that in some cases, wildlife viewing could have adverse effects, such as the unnatural movement of bears from their preferred habitats and seasonal food sources.  The ministry manages game animals foremost for conservation and secondly with consideration for both wildlife viewing and hunting opportunities.( is it not a priority of the government to increase hunter numbers so that there is an increase of revenues coming into the Ministry? Would it not be fair to say that ‘hunting’ or ‘shooting’ at bears also has an adverse effect on them expecially if just fightened or wounded by a bullet? How many viewed bears have gone on to be a problem for the Ministry and Conservation Service Officers? Pls provide the numbers of injuries and deaths to humans by viewed bears) For more information on Grizzly Bear management in British Columbia, please visit the Grizzly Bear Hunting Frequently Asked Questions document, written in 2010, available online at:
http://www.env.gov.bc.ca/fw/wildlife/management-issues/docs/grizzly_bear_faq.pdf

Thank you for your interest in the management of Grizzly Bears in British Columbia.( my interest is in the conservation of Grizzly Bears in British Columbia and being as ethical and humane as we can be when acting as their stewards, now and into the future)

Sincerely,

Tom Ethier
Assistant Deputy Minister
Resource Stewardship Division

pc:       Honourable Steve Thomson, Minister of Forests, Lands and Natural Resource Operations

 

Opinion: B.C. government wants grizzly bears dead

Province could buy out hunting tenures and create world’s largest reserve

By Chris Genovali, Special to the Vancouver Sun April 14, 2014
A grizzly bear feeds along a river in Tweedsmuir Provincial Park near Bella Coola.  Photograph by: Jonathan Hayward , THE CANADIAN PRESS

A grizzly bear feeds along a river in Tweedsmuir Provincial Park near Bella Coola. Photograph by: Jonathan Hayward , THE CANADIAN PRESS

We want these bears dead. This is the message the B.C. government’s “reallocation policy” sends to the Raincoast Conservation Foundation, to British Columbians, and to the world.

This policy also prevents the implementation of an innovative solution to end the commercial trophy hunting of grizzlies and other large carnivores throughout the Great Bear Rainforest.

With the mismanaged, and some would say depraved, B.C. grizzly bear hunt having commenced this month, the controversy surrounding the recreational killing of these iconic animals is spiking once again.

A hard-won Raincoast-led moratorium on grizzly hunting in B.C. was overturned in 2001 by Gordon Campbell’s newly elected Liberal government with no justification other than serving as an obvious sop to the trophy hunting lobby. So, what was supposed to be a three-year provincewide ban was revoked after one spring hunting season. Raincoast, recognizing the then-new premier’s mulish intractability on this issue, decided to take a different approach.

Raincoast raised $1.3 million in 2005 to purchase the commercial trophy hunting rights across 24,700 square kilometres of the Great Bear Rainforest. Raincoast purchased an additional 3,500 square kilometres in 2012, including nearly all the habitat of the spirit bear (despite a restriction on killing spirit bears, trophy hunting of black bears that carry the recessive gene that causes the white coat is allowed). The sellers of these hunting tenures received a fair price, bears were safeguarded, and ecotourism prospered, including within coastal First Nations communities.

The province has countered by instituting a so-called reallocation policy (a.k.a. the Raincoast policy), whereby unused (not killed) grizzly bear “quota” would be stripped from Raincoast’s commercial tenures and allocated to resident hunters (B.C. residents who do not require a licensed hunting guide by law).

Bereft of any legitimate argument to justify the recreational killing of grizzlies, provincial wildlife managers stand naked in front of an increasingly disgusted and disapproving public, their blatant cronyism on behalf of the trophy hunting lobby exposed for all to see.

The ecological argument is clear: killing bears for “management” purposes is unnecessary and scientifically unsound. Although attempts are made to dress the province’s motivations in the trappings of proverbial “sound science,” they are clearly driven by an anachronistic ideology that is disconcertingly fixated on killing as a legitimate and necessary tool of wildlife management.

Dr. Paul Paquet, senior scientist at Raincoast and co-author of a recently published peer-reviewed paper on B.C. bear management, states: “We analyzed only some of the uncertainty associated with grizzly management and found it was likely contributing to widespread overkills. I’m not sure how the government defines sound science, but an approach that carelessly leads to widespread overkills is less than scientifically credible.”

The ethical argument is clear: gratuitous killing for recreation and amusement is unacceptable and immoral. Polling shows that nine of 10 British Columbians agree, from rural residents (including many hunters) to city dwellers. In their 2009 publication, The Ethics of Hunting, Drs. Michael Nelson and Kelly Millenbah state if wildlife managers began “to take philosophy and ethics more seriously, both as a realm of expertise that can be acquired and as a critical dimension of wildlife conservation, many elements of wildlife conservation and management would look different.”

The economic argument is clear. Recent research by Stanford University identifies that bear-viewing supports 10 times more employment, tourist spending, and government revenue than trophy hunting within the Great Bear Rainforest. Notably, the Stanford study suggests the revenue generated by fees and licences affiliated with the trophy killing of grizzlies fails to cover the cost of the province’s management of the hunt. As a result, B.C. taxpayers, most of whom oppose the hunt according to poll after poll, are in essence forced to subsidize the trophy killing of grizzlies.

What remains unknown is why the B.C. government so desperately wants these bears dead.

Raincoast stands ready to raise the funds to acquire the remaining commercial hunting tenures in the Great Bear Rainforest, a mutually beneficial solution that guide outfitters have indicated they will not oppose. Although the province, at its political peril, has failed to recognize it, Coastal First Nations have banned trophy hunting under their laws throughout their unceded territories, and the public is overwhelmingly supportive.

Buying out the remaining hunting tenures in the Great Bear Rainforest, coupled with the administrative closure of resident hunting in the region, would create the largest grizzly bear reserve in the world and a model for sustainable economic activity.

Chris Genovali is executive director of Raincoast Conservation Foundation.

B.C.’s expanded grizzly hunt underway as scientists duel over bear numbers

A grizzly bear fishes along a river in Tweedsmuir Provincial Park near Bella Coola, B.C. Friday, Sept 10, 2010. B.C.'s annual hunt is underway with an increase in the numbers of tags for hunters. Scientists on either side of the trophy hunt divide disagree sharply about the size of B.C.'s grizzly bear population. Photograph by: Jonathan Hayward, THE CANADIAN PRES

A grizzly bear fishes along a river in Tweedsmuir Provincial Park near Bella Coola, B.C. Friday, Sept 10, 2010. B.C.’s annual hunt is underway with an increase in the numbers of tags for hunters. Scientists on either side of the trophy hunt divide disagree sharply about the size of B.C.’s grizzly bear population.
Photograph by: Jonathan Hayward, THE CANADIAN PRES

BY GLENDA LUYMES, THE PROVINCE APRIL 12, 2014

http://www.theprovince.com/news/expanded+grizzly+hunt+underway+scientists+duel+over+bear+numbers/9733477/story.html

B.C.’s controversial grizzly bear hunt has begun, despite concerns from some in the scientific community who say the government’s population estimates could be flawed.

About 1,800 grizzly hunting tags are expected to be issued in B.C. this year — up from 1,700 tags last year, and the highest number in decades — although it is expected the actual number of bears killed will be closer to the annual average of about 300.

The province has also opened several areas previously closed to grizzly hunting for conservation reasons, including parts of the Kootenays.

But a recent study by the Raincoast Conservation Society that looked at B.C. grizzly hunting over a 10-year period from 2001 to 2011 found that “over-kill” (or an unsustainable mortality rate) occurred in about half of all hunting regions at some point during that time.

Raincoast biologist and Simon Fraser University PhD candidate Kyle Artelle, who was involved in the study, also questioned the B.C. government’s grizzly population estimates.

“The way the hunt is done it’s like trying to manage a bank account without knowing the balance,” he said.

In a letter published in March in Science, Artelle and his colleagues said provincial wildlife managers should be held to the same standard as research scientists, whose work must have independent oversight.

But the government pointed to its own peer-reviewed work, saying in a press release on the 2014 hunt that it is using the “best-available science to ensure harvest levels are sustainable.”

“I think we have the best idea (of the population) of any of the jurisdictions that hunt bears right now,” provincial grizzly biologist Garth Mowat said in an earlier interview.

“We have spent a lot of resources improving our understanding of the number of bears in British Columbia and I’m quite comfortable that it’s good enough to allow us to conservatively manage the hunt.”

For those who live in grizzly country, the hunt is part of the way of life.

“If you live in Vancouver, it’s easy to be against hunting,” said Horsefly resident David Farkas.

The man chased a grizzly out of his backyard last fall.

“We live with these animals,” he said. “People here love fishing and hunting.”

On the Kootenay Hunters & Fishers Facebook page several people have written about the 2014 grizzly hunt, some posting pictures of themselves with bears they’ve killed in the past. A petition connected to the page called Support the BC Grizzly Hunt has received almost 12,000 signatures since April 2012.

“Hunters and outdoorsmen have long been the true conservationists in Canada, North America, and the world,” the petition claims.

But bear guide Neil Shearar said he doesn’t believe that’s true.

“Conservation for the sake of making sure there’s enough animals to hunt isn’t really conservation,” he said, explaining that conservation that’s simply based on increasing a population, rather than restoring a balanced eco-system, can lead to problems for other species.

Shearar, who has been guiding on the B.C. coast for about 15 years, compared killing grizzlies to killing sharks for their fins.

“It’s trophy hunting,” he said. “People aren’t eating them. They’re shooting them for their head and paws.”

An online petition called Stop the Trophy Hunt has collected about 64,500 signatures since March 2010.

— With files from The Canadian Press

gluymes@theprovince.com

twitter.com/glendaluymes

.

BEAR FACTS

— About 35 per cent of British Columbia is closed to grizzly hunting.

— Historically, hunters have killed around 300 grizzly bears a year out of a population estimated by the B.C. government of 15,000, or a two per cent harvest rate.(  Bears Matter Note: This number is very controversial: Raincoast Conservation Foundation  Recent Report by Artelle et al published in Nature Journal says 15,000 to 8,000 is the spread of what is possible…no one knows for certain)http://www.nature.com/news/canadian-grizzly-bears-face-expanded-hunt-1.14914

— The grizzly bear hunt is the most intensively managed hunt of any species in the province.(Bears Matter Note:  Millions of  tax-payer dollars are used to administer the Trophy Killing of Grizzlies and 88% of British Columbians are opposed to it continuing -latest McAllister Research Poll-hunters included)

— About 1,800 tags are expected to be issued to hunters this year, up from 1,700 last year.(Bears Matter Note:  2012 New Hunter Initiation Program began  by gov’t to increase hunter numbers, no core safety course needed,  anyone can get a hunting license to ‘try it out’, 10yr olds can hunt w 18yr,-the woods are becoming a scary place and it has nothing to do with the animals that live there but the ‘new hunters and young hunters’ trying it out with little or no training’. Lots of subsidies for new hunters by govt to increase hunter numbers and sales of licenses and fees eventually )

— The spring grizzly hunt runs from April 1 to the end of May. The fall hunt begins Oct. 1 and continues into mid-November.(Bears Matter Note: Correction  in 2014/2015 Regulations state some hunts open April 1 to June 15 and Aug 15 to Nov 30)

— Source: B.C. Ministry of Forests

© Copyright (c) The Province

Bears Matter Sweetens Things Up This Easter with A New Fundraising Partner, Chocolaterie Bernard Callebaut of Nanaimo!

Wooly-Group 

                      Warm-Up Wooly Sheep in three sizes are JUST in for EASTER at              Country Club Centre in Nanaimo!!! 

 Bears Matter will have an Educational Booth Set Up on Saturday April 19th from 10 to 5pm. This Easter, have your little bunnies enjoy our delicious, best-quality chocolate made with all natural ingredients and no artificial preservatives.

                                                 BCSurprise_egg_vignette                                  Country Club Centre, 3200 North Island Hwy, Nanaimo, B.C.  Monday to Wednesday 9:30am to 5:30pm Thursday-Friday 9:30am to 9:00pm Saturday 9:30am to 5:30pm Sunday11:am to 5:00pm 

 

Bears Matter, a fundraising project helping eight bear groups since 2006  and Chocolaterie Bernard Callebaut, a long established Nanaimo business, is pleased to announce their exciting and unique partnership starting this Easter to help bears! 

Chocolaterie Bernard Callebaut Store in Nanaimo will be now selling the full line of Warm Buddy therapeutic spa products. Warm Buddy Company is based in North Vancouver and has been a generous sponsor of Bears Matter since 2006.  A visit to Chocolaterie Bernard Callebaut Shop in the Country Club Centre for their Canadian-made high-quality Belgium chocolates will now also include a browse through an array of high quality natural grain warm & cool therapy spa products with an opportunity to help contribute to bear conservation.  A person can satisty their physical, therapeutic and philanthropic cravings all at once! 

www.bearsmatter.com and  www.warmbuddy.com and www.bernardcallebaut.com and www.countryclubcentre.com